ISSN: 0184-7937

 

 

Utilization of Instructional Facilities in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance for Students’ Acquisition of Trade Skills in Technical Colleges in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

 

Aniekan Elijah Asukwo

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ABSTRACT

 

This study investigated the utilization of instructional facilities in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance for students’ acquisition of trade skills in technical colleges in Akwa Ibom State. Three research questions and three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. A survey research design was adopted for the study and the entire population of NTCIII students of Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance was used for the study. Questionnaires were distributed by the researcher and then retrieved for analysis on completion. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the three research questions while t-test statistics was used to test the three hypotheses. The findings of the study revealed that even though most consumables were often utilized, only a few equipment and tools were often utilized for the acquisition of trade skills in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance. Also, the findings indicated both male and female students shared similar views on the extent of utilization of the instructional facilities. It was therefore recommended that Workshops and seminars should be organized on the importance and benefits of utilization of instructional facilities in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance for the teachers by principals of the technical colleges

 

Keywords: Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance, Utilization, Instructional Facilities, Trade Skills

 

Citation: Asukwo, A. E. (2018). Utilization of Instructional Facilities in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance for Students’ Acquisition of Trade Skills in Technical Colleges in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Equatorial Journal of Education and Curriculum Studies, 3(1): 1- 14. DOWNLOAD PDF


Introduction

The major goal of technical colleges in Nigeria is to prepare and help students acquire the requisite trade skills that would enable them secure employment, become self-employed and be able to employ others, or pursue further education in tertiary institutions. The technical colleges are charged with the goals of providing trained manpower in the applied sciences, technology and business particularly at craft, advanced craft and technical levels; providing the technical knowledge and vocational skills necessary for agricultural,


commercial and economic development; and giving training and imparting the necessary skills to individuals for self-reliance economically (Umar & Ma’aji, 2010; Federal Republic of Nigeria, 2013). These goals can only be achieved where the training environment in which the learner is trained is a replica of the environment in which he must subsequently work, and the training is carried out in the same way with the same operations, the same tools and the same machines as in the occupation itself (Prosser and Quigley, 1949; Henry, Echa and Alfred, 2017). Therefore, the utilization of instructional facilities in teaching Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance in technical colleges plays a very important role in achieving the performance objectives of the curriculum and thus making the transition from school to employment very effective and efficient with little need for adjustment.

Instructional facilities are those tools, equipment, machines, and consumable materials that are being used from time to time for teaching/learning a trade (Bello and Shu’aibu, 2013; Akpabio and Ogiriki, 2017). According to Ogbu (2015), utilization of instructional facilities is the process of using procured and accessible facilities, tools, components, equipment and appliances to make teaching and learning process easier, interesting and rewarding. Olagunju and Abiona (2008) were of the view that utilization is the process of managing and organizing resources. Gujjar, Khan, Baig, Ramzan & Saifi (2010) were of the opinion that the proper utilization of instructional and physical facilities would improve the performance and output of the institutions. It is therefore presumed that the adequate utilization of instructional facilities in the teaching and learning of Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance would improve the performance and output of the technical colleges, thus producing graduates that can be self-reliant or perform competently in their chosen vocation with little or no need for pre-employment training. According to Uwaifo (2009), the correct use of instructional facilities often gives the correct representation to the abstract ideas, thereby making their meaning clever and pleasant, and serving as a useful purpose in promoting the understanding the concept and principles. Eze (2015) was also of the opinion that effective utilization of appropriate instructional facilities to anchor skill teaching ensures reliable skill acquisition by technical college students. Utilization of instructional facilities in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance is therefore vital to the development of the students’ trade skills for self-reliance economically.

Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance is a unit of Radio, Television and Electronics Work Trade Curriculum which equip students with the requisite trade skills, knowledge and attitudes needed to be able to diagnose faults, and carry out repairs and maintenance on any electronic system. The acquired trade skills and knowledge in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance also enables the students to secure employment, become self-employed and be able to employ others, or pursue further education in tertiary institutions. The acquired trade skills and knowledge include soldering and desoldering in electronic circuit, use of electronic measuring instruments, electronic repairs, fault finding and repairs in radio receiver, diagnosis and repair of monochrome TV receiver, and diagnosis and repair of colour TV receiver (Federal Ministry of Education, 2012).

 

Statement of Problem

The current state of recession and rate of unemployment bedevilling the country of Nigeria has become a major problem for the government who has not been able to proffer a solution as expected. More alarming is the number of Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance graduates of technical colleges seen roaming the streets in search of white collar job in an era where almost everything is electronic due to technological advancement. These young technical college graduates find it difficult to get a job or become self-reliant because they lack the requisite trade skills required for diagnosing, repairing and maintaining an electronic system even when much emphasis has been made by the government of Nigeria on technical and vocational education in the provision of machineries, equipment, tools and materials for effective training in the technical colleges. This has raised questions like what could be the cause of this undesired outcome. Where the instructional facilities are available, are they being utilized? How often are the available instructional facilities utilized? What are the challenges inhibiting the use of the available instructional facilities? An observation by Bolick, Berson, Coutts and Heinecke in Okobia (2011) indicated that while some educators are fascinated by the potential of instructional materials in enhancing teaching and learning, other teachers lagged behind in using instructional materials to teach. This necessitated the study on Utilization of Instructional Facilities in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance for Students’ Acquisition of Trade Skills in Technical Colleges in Akwa Ibom State.

 

Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated to guide the study:

 

Ø    To what extent are equipment utilized in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance for students’ acquisition of trade skills in technical colleges in Akwa Ibom State?

 

Ø    To what extent are tools utilized in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance for students’ acquisition of trade skills in technical colleges in Akwa Ibom State?

 

Ø    To what extent are consumables utilized in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance for students’ acquisition of trade skills in technical colleges in Akwa Ibom State?

 

Null Hypotheses

The following null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance.

 

H01:     There is no significant difference in responses of male and female NTCIII students on the utilization of equipment in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance for students’ acquisition of trade skills in technical colleges in Akwa Ibom State.

 

H02:     There is no significant difference in responses of male and female NTCIII students on the utilization of tools in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance for students’ acquisition of trade skills in technical colleges in Akwa Ibom State.

 

H03:     There is no significant difference in responses of male and female NTCIII students on the utilization of consumables in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance for students’ acquisition of trade skills in technical colleges in Akwa Ibom State.

 

 

Findings of the Study

The findings of the study were:Only a few equipment and tools were often utilized in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance for students’ acquisition of trade skills in technical colleges in Akwa Ibom State. Most consumables were often utilized in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance for students’ acquisition of trade skills in technical colleges in Akwa Ibom State. Both male and female NTCIII students shared similar views on the extent of utilization of equipment, tools and consumables in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance for students’ acquisition of trade skills in technical colleges in Akwa Ibom State.

 

Discussion of Findings

The study showed that only a few equipment and tools were often utilized while most consumables were often utilized in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance for students’ acquisition of trade skills in technical colleges in Akwa Ibom State. This finding relates with studies by Dahar & Faize (2011) and Ogbu (2015) who noted that there is a great deficiency

 

in the utilization of instructional facilities in technical colleges. It is imperative to state that only proper utilization of instructional facilities would guarantee effective skill training, thus producing technical college graduates who can secure

 

employment, become self-employed and be able to employ others, or pursue further education in tertiary institutions.

 

Recommendations

Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations were made:

Ø  Trainings should be organized for teachers so they could update their skills for effective utilization of instructional facilities in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance.

 

Ø  Workshops and seminars should be organized on the importance and benefits of utilization of instructional facilities in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance for the teachers by principals of the technical colleges.

 

Ø  Heads of Trade should carryout regular supervision during practical hours to ensure the effective utilization of instructional facilities for teaching in Electronics Workshop Practice and Maintenance in technical colleges.

 

Ø  Modern tools and equipment should be adequately supplied and maintained regularly for improving its utilization for of requisite trade skills in electronics workshop practice and maintenance in technical colleges.

 

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Dahar, M. A. and Faize, F. A. (2011). Effect of the Availability and the use of Instructional Materials on Academic Performance of Students in Punjab (Pakistan). Middle Eastern Finance and Economic Issue 11.

 

Eze, O. C. (2015). Enhancing the Use of Instructional Facilities in Technical Colleges for Qualitative Skills Acquisition in Nigeria. Information and Knowledge Management, 5(10), 88-92.

 

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